Agave Parryi Truncata “Artichoke Agave”

Agave Parryi Truncata “Artichoke Agave”

Agave parryi truncata “Artichoke Agave” belongs to the group of characteristic plants of northern Mexico and the southwestern United States. 

The extreme and variable climate of that semi-desert or desert zone makes this species very resistant to cold or heat.

The plants of these habitats, which include the Arizona desert, are of a rustic appearance and beauty with wide leaves, thorns and varied shades of colors. 

Properly located in landscaping and landscaping change the environment with its particular appearance of abundant and rosette-shaped broad leaves that do not go unnoticed.

Origin of the Agave parryi truncata

The common names by which they also usually call it are agave, penca, maguey and mezcal. 

It is native to the central area of North America between Mexico and the United States. 

That geographical point is high and desert making the plant very resistant to cold and drought.

In the description that George Engelmann offers of the species the following etymology is attributed to him and is that the word agave has its origin in the Greek Agavos. 

Agave was the daughter of the king of Thebes Cadmo who in an unprecedented act murdered Penteo, his son, to avoid greater evil.

This act was considered noble and of great sacrifice for what the people admired. 

The Agave Parriy truncata was placed in honor of the renowned botanist scientist Charles Christopher Parry.

Characteristic

There are three documented varieties of Agave parryi truncata known as Agave parryi variety couesii, Agave parryi variety huachucensis and Agave parryi Neomexicana.

They all have large leaves and very close together. A plant can hold up to 160 leaves with colors ranging from light green to silver gray. 

The leaves have spines on the sides and a stinger in the terminal.

The Agave is an evergreen plant that can reach a height of about 50 centimeters and a meter wide. 

The flowers are a three-meter-tall stick with beautiful clusters of bright yellow flowers. 

These flowers are pollinated in a hermaphrodite manner and use Lepidoptera and Chiroptera to achieve this.

Uses and properties

In its region of origin, the Agave parryi truncata is used for different food and medicinal purposes, however, its characteristic appearance is ideal to offer an exotic element to the landscape that evokes the geographical features of the American desert. 

From a medical point of view, the agave leaf is used as an antiseptic, diuretic and laxative, is very important to highlight that medical and self-diagnostic uses are not recommended if previously consulted by a specialist doctor.

Concerning its use in food, it is the Mexican population that takes advantage of the leaves, seeds, stems, and nectar as ingredients of typical foods and drinks. 

One of the spices of this plant is used for the preparation of the popular tequila drink.

The contemporary product that is very named is Agave honey, although opinions about the consequences of its consumption are very divided, it is granted beneficial properties with respect to the control of cholesterol and triglycerides. 

On the other hand, it is known to contain large amounts of fructose that may not be beneficial for the body.

There is a lot of documentation that proves that Native American tribes used the Agave Parryi in many ways. 

The plant was edible when the leaves were young and parts of the plant were used for the manufacture of weapons and pigments.

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Tips to take care of the Agave parryi truncata “Artichoke Agave” 

Watering 

Water moderately in summer always waiting for the soil to be dry. 

The rest of the year should not be watered if they are grown abroad; if they are in a pot they will water a little more.

Propagation

The reproduction of the Agave is done through the seed. 

The plant dies after flowering but leaves several children and their development will be effective in soils with acid, alkaline or neutral pH characteristics. 

The roots prefer soil with a frank or sandy texture.

It is necessary to keep the soil dry or slightly damp. 

It must be well-drained although it tolerates drought, not flooding. It should be transplanted or planted in spring.

This plant is very resistant to extreme climates. At the time of planting it, you must choose soil that exposes it directly to the sun’s rays.

On the other hand, it can withstand low temperatures even frost. 

If the plant has more moisture than recommended or is not directly exposed to solar radiation, it can contract some fungi or pests such as curculionides (Scyphophorus acupunctatus).

Pests and diseases

Although they do not require proper pruning, the little grandparents can be separated to give them a more compact appearance.

They are quite resistant to pests and diseases; you just have to watch for excess water and mealybugs in young specimens.

Temperature

The Agave parryi truncata needs an exposure of full sun and high temperatures although it can withstand frost of up to -5 ºC if the earth is dry.

The soil needs to be very well-drained for which a preparation based on a third of garden soil, a third of coarse sand and another third of leaf mulch can be used. 

The pot transplant is done in spring.