Aloe Polyphylla “Spiral Aloe”

Aloe Polyphylla Spiral Aloe

Aloe Polyphylla “Spiral Aloe”,is a type of aloe that belongs to the Xanthorrhoeaceae family, which is native to Lesotho, from the Drakensberg mountains.

The leaves of this plant are fleshy, which grow in a spiral, with five levels with approximately 15-30 leaves each. 

The leaves are gray-greenish in color, which turns purple-brown with many thorns.

The inflorescences of this plant are floral heads with dense clusters of salmon-pink and sometimes yellow flowers. 

They are very difficult to grow, and because of their striking form they are in danger of extinction.

Aloe polyphylla before starting to take its characteristic spiral shape should reach approximately 20 cm in diameter. 

The spiral can be both clockwise, and counterclockwise.

The leaves at the base are wider compared to their dark and sharp points, and also the leaves of the Aloe polyphylla have small “teeth” all over the edge of the leaf.

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Tips to take care of the Aloe Polyphylla “Spiral Aloe”

Temperature

They are plants that appreciate growing in cool or hot climates. There are species that survive in environments where daytime temperatures exceed 40 ° C; They are plants of hot climates.

Temperatures below 10 ° C are dangerous for these plants because they encourage the proliferation of fungi in the roots and consequently the rot of these and the plant. 

In countries with extreme winters it is always recommended to grow in vessels to be easily transported to a warmer environment (examples: greenhouses, home interior, etc.).

Substratum

They are mostly quite resistant to growing on a wide variety of substrates but provided they have optimal drainage and good aeration. 2/3 of universal substrate or garden soil with 1/3 of coarse sand or gravel can be used.

Irrigation Frequency

They are “succulent plants” very well adapted to tolerate extensive droughts, that is, they prefer water scarcity than excess. 

They are susceptible to rot if the substrate remains wet for a long time. It is advisable to water when the substrate has dried completely (usually 1-2 times weekly) if the plant is in the growing season; in a state of latency we must reduce the frequency to biweekly or monthly.

Pruning

These plants are not pruned. Only leaves and flower spikes that have already dried should be removed to prevent them from being attacked by opportunistic pests. 

Plant of the genus Aloe with dry leaf that needs to be removed to avoid future pests

Transplant

These plants are usually colonial, forming numerous daughter plants at their base creating groups of many plants in a single area.

In many cases the pots do not support a large number of plants and tend to break (depends on the clear material); It is recommended to transplant when the roots arise through the drainage holes or when the daughter plants protrude from the edge of the pot.

Plagues and diseases

They suffer attacks of mealybugs, aphids, snails, slugs and even birds. 

All pests must be eradicated quickly to avoid serious damage to plant health or new pathologies associated with viruses or bacteria transmitted by these same pests. 

The main enemies of plants of this genus are fungi; these appear if the humidity is very high and the substrate flooded. Fungi are the main culprits in the death of many representatives of this group.

Multiplication

Very simple from the separation of small children that appear at the base of most species. 

To separate these children, a sharp and disinfected object must be used to cut. 

Then we must let the wound dry for 24 hours and then plant on a sandy and slightly moist substrate.

Seedlings should not be exposed to the sun until they take root. Multiplication can also be carried out by means of seeds that we must germinate in a substrate made with 2/3 of coarse sand and 1/3 of universal substrate at 18-24 ° C.