Euphorbia echinus

Euphorbia echinus

Euphorbia echinus is a thorny succulent native to Morocco. The stems are bright green and can be up to a meter tall.

They present 6 angles on the stem with red or gray spines, and they grow close together in pairs.

This tall succulent compare to most I great to have at your garden.

It does not require much watering and is very resistant to dry periods.

This succulent is excellent to be used as decoration in landscaping.

The perfect gift for a plant lover.

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Euphorbia echinus care

This plant is very interesting and lovely succulent. Besides that, it is an easy plant to take care of; they do not require special attention.

Following these tips, I assure you that your Euphorbia echinus will grow perfectly.

Illumination

The Euphorbia echinus is a plant that can be in both half shade and direct sun.

One of the best positive things about this plant is that it can receive 8 hours of direct sunlight.

Although it is a plant that can be in direct sun, you should take care of the plant when the sun is very strong, that is, in summer.

If where you live, the summer is present throughout the year, it is best to put the plant in half shade to prevent the leaves of the plant from burning.

Temperature

The best temperature for this plant is between 15 ºC/59°F to 30 ºC/86°F. 

Be careful with low temperature, especially below 5 ºC/41°F; this can be detrimental to the plant.

How to care for succulents in winter?

If you have your succulent outdoors. The biggest problem for your succulent during winter is frost, low temperature, and rain.

If where you live you have a long and cold winter, I suggest you take your succulent indoors or set it up in a greenhouse.

If you don’t, your plant can suffer from rots, burns from the cold, and it will start to turn yellow.

If you have your succulent indoors it will be ok, just make sure to place the succulent in direct sunlight and don’t place it close to the home heater.

Watering

This is a fairly drought-resistant plant. Plus, it doesn’t need to be watered as frequently.

It is better to water this plant when the substrate is completely dry, `to prevent the roots of the succulents from rotting due to excess water.

The rule of only watering the plant when the substrate is dry should be applied even more in winter. At this time, the substrate takes even longer to dry, and the humidity stays longer.

This is why it’s very important to take care of the watering of your plant at this time of year. It is best to water once a month and in the coldest hours of the day.

The low humidity of urban apartments is quite adequate.

Substratum

The right soil should be loose, neutral, and have good airflow. To plant, you can buy a ready-made cactus substrate, or you can prepare it at home.

Fertilizer

Succulents generally grow in poor soil; therefore, it should not be fertilized too often.

This procedure is carried out once a week or biweekly and only in the growing season, which is usually in the summer.

To do this, use cactus fertilizer and take the dosage indicated on the package. 

You can buy a special fertilizer for succulents or make your own fertilizers.

If you decide to buy it, make sure the fertilizer contains the least amount of chemical ingredients possible and thus prevent the succulents from burning.

Coffee grounds

Using coffee grounds as a fertilizer for cacti is an excellent idea, and it is also used in many plants. 

It is a natural repellent of insects and pests such as slugs, worms or spiders.

Due to its aroma, it causes certain insects not to approach the plant.

But don’t overdo it since coffee is acidic, and we can put an excess of acid to the substrate or soil and cause burns in our cactus or succulent. 

Placing a coffee ground ones a year is more than enough.

Eggshells

Eggshells are rich in calcium, and it is one of the most beneficial minerals for any plant. 

Cacti also need calcium, and making this cactus fertilizer with eggshells is a great solution.

To do this, you will have to soak 4 eggshells in 1/2 liter of water for 24 hours. 

Then filter the water to remove the shells, and you can now water your cacti with the calcium-rich water.

Banana or plantain peels

 With a high content of potassium. You must boil the shells in 1 liter of water with a tablespoon of sugar. You can water your cacti once the water has cooled to room temperature.

Alfalfa flour 

Very rich in nitrogen and phosphorus. You must put it directly on the ground, and the humidity itself and the irrigation will make it filter down to the roots.

Wood ash

A high content of potassium and phosphorus. To use them, you must soak the ashes with 1 liter of water for at least 24 hours, filter them with a strainer and water your cacti with that water.

Old iron nails

High iron content. You only need to put a nail for each cactus.

Plagues and diseases

Euphorbia echinus is particularly resistant to diseases and pests. 

But don’t forget about your plant because, in some cases, they may be attacked by plagues. It is important to keep a balance.

Irrigation is what you should pay the most attention to since succulents are very susceptible to excess water, humidity, and water stagnation.

So you must take care of the way you water your plants to avoid the formation of fungi. 

As I mentioned before, it is best to water the plant only when the substrate is completely dry.

In late spring can be attacked by mealybug, spider mite, mildew, whitefly pests, but if kept indoors, it is mostly avoided. 

Pruning

This plant does not require pruning.

Propagation

The Euphorbia echinus is propagated using the shoots that come out from the base of the plant, or by cuttings.

This is the quickest and easiest way; it is convenient to let the cut wound heal for a few days; after this, you can plant in a sand-based substrate.

It is recommended to transplant every three years, at least.