Schlumbergera Truncata “Christmas Cactus”

Schlumbergera Truncata “Christmas Cactus”

This succulent jungle pendant is native to the humid areas of Brazil. However, nowadays this Schlumbergera Truncata has spread all over the world.

As the best choice to decorate our houses this Christmas.

 The fundamental difference that characterizes each of the varieties of this family is the size and shape of its leaves and the color and structure of its flowers. In this case, the zygocactus truncatus has pink and white flowers with two bodies flared and characteristically elongated leaves.

This Christmas cactus can survive long seasons without watering, so it is ideal if you consider yourself a person with little experience in caring for this type of plants.

However, whether you are an expert or a novice, these plants are the perfect succulents to grow inside our homes, given its beauty, its impressive presence and its easy handling.

They will also be the perfect Christmas decoration these holidays.

Flower

After maturation, if you have taken good care of the plant, in winter, this plant will generate incredible bell-shaped flowers of red, white or pink. 

These flowers are born at the terminal end of their leaves or sections, and they cover almost the entire plant. Normally the schlumbergera truncata blooms at the beginning of Christmas.

That is why it is called Christmas cactus. If you use the plant correctly you will have an excellent Christmas decoration for these holidays.

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Tips to take care of Schlumbergera Truncata “Christmas Cactus”

The main characteristic of this plant is its great resistance.

However, like the rest of the succulents of the style, the cultivation of the schlumbergera truncata It is a very specific process but nothing complex.

Substratum

In the first place, the best substrate will be the one that does not contain practically organic material. Being mainly mineral and sandy. 

This feature will It will allow not to retain excess water, avoiding plant rot. I recommend you purchase a specific cactus substrate that has the properties that this plant needs.

Watering

To water, you will have to check the humidity of the earth. Ensuring that it remains continuously moist, but not wet or waterlogged, to prevent rot of the roots. 

Remember the great capacity to accumulate water that has these plants crass. 

They can withstand long periods of drought without problems.

Fertilizer

I recommend paying once every 2 or 3 weeks. 

Use a specific cactus fertilizer. 

Perform this process during plant flowering, to take advantage of

full potential

The growth is very slow but constant, so you will have to be attentive to the transplant if you want to allow the plant to grow naturally.

Where to plant

The best way to know how to grow a schlumbergera truncata is to remember its origin. In this case, this plant is an outdoor and indoor plant.

So these are the four basic tips.

Place it in the shade when outside 12-23 ° C

Do not lower than 8 ° C

It is a plant that does not need maintenance.

They do not need to prune.

Propagation

Like its sisters, multiplication can be done through cuttings or seeds. 

Although the seed method is much more complete and beautiful, I recommend it.

Perform this process through cuttings, since you will get replicas exactly the same as the mother and the probability of failure is almost nil.

To play this plant through this method you will have to separate one of the basal children when it has reached maturity.

Remove it, let the wound dry for 24 hours and plant it in a pot with a specific and clean substrate, watering it normally.

If we opt for seed reproduction we must bear in mind that this is a slower but much nicer process.

Schlumbergera truncata gives seeds during the months of March and April.

To succeed in this task, we will prepare pots with a mixture of soil for cactus and vermiculite in a proportion 2-1.

Then we will submerge the pots in water until the soil is well soaked. 

After this we will introduce the seeds to a depth not greater than 1-5

centimeters.

Then we will cover the pots with transparent film paper and produce watering them with a sprayer every time the earth is dry.

Opening the plastic once a day to remove condensation water.

After 1 or 2 months we will have our newly sprouted schlumbergera truncata babies and ready for a new life.

Wait until these small plants reach a sufficient size to be manipulated, before transplanting them to the pot definitive.

When to transplant

As with the plantation. The best time to perform this process is spring.

Remember that the queen’s belly button transplant is an ideal time to check your status.

During this process, try to eliminate all the roots that are taking gray colors, since this is an indicator of the possible presence of fungi.

Also consider placing pieces of cooked clay over the drainage holes of the new pot, to prevent the roots of the host plugging it and undesirably increase the humidity of the earth.

This process is not easy. Go around the pot holding the earth with one hand and tapping the sides of the container with the other.

Help yourself of tools to remove the plant without hurting the roots or exposing them too much to direct sun.

We recommend you use a cactus tool that ensures that the plant does not suffer in this process.

These are usually delicate tools and of a correct size that does not damage the roots or leaves of the cactus in the process.

Diseases

When it comes to growing, you have to be careful with certain vital aspects such as irrigation and the type of substrate to avoid the most common evil, fungi.

Usually, with excess watering, the stem rots.

Giving the plant a wrinkled and straight appearance.

Unfortunately, if there are already symptoms of rot on the stem, there is not much to do.

So we recommend being cautious with water.

Trust your plant, she can take care of herself almost alone.

If your schlumbergera truncata does not bloom, do not worry.

Depending on the variety you have, this plant will flower periodically or not. And only when you have received the right nutrients.

Succulents are plants that usually need some space to grow.

So if your schlumbergera truncata does not grow, I will be sending you signals so that the pot transplants Don’t worry, when you do it and give it enough fertilizer it will grow like never before.

Conclusion 

The cactus of the genus Schlumbergera is one of the most popular at a certain time of the year: December, a month that coincides with the Christmas holidays.

And it is in those days when they produce very decorative flowers. 

It is not always easy to keep them.

Too much watering, putting them in an inadequate area, using substrates that do not drain enough … anything can harm them!

But this is no longer going to happen if you follow our advice on its cultivation and maintenance.

Our protagonists are perennial cacti and endemic pendants of tropical America – mainly from Brazil – that belong to the genus Schlumbergera, the most known species being S. truncata.

They are popularly known as Christmas cactus or Santa Teresa.

They are characterized by flattened segments, with jagged margins, green. The flowers are very decorative, pink, white, yellow or orange