Sedum mocinianum

Sedum mocinianum

Sedum, scientifically known as Sedum praeltum, is a genus of succulent plants native to Mexico.

It is a succulent of great development, capable of growing beyond one meter in height.

This succulent has minimal maintenance and very simple care, resistant, and very durable.

The sedum mocinianum leaves are perennial, meaning they remain green throughout the year, even in fall, when the foliage of the plants dries and falls off.

Its stems can measure up to 80 cm long and up to 0.5 cm in diameter.

The leaves of sedum mocinianum have dense rosettes or spirals on their upper stems, up to 2.5 cm long and 1 cm wide.

Another of the great characteristics of this Sedum is that its leaves and stems are full of small white hairs.

Its leaves are a very vibrant green.

sedum blooms in winter and spring.

Its inflorescences are generally yellow with pink petals and fleshy sepals.

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Sedum Mocinianum Care

The sedum does not need great care, which is why it is considered the perfect plant for those starting out in the gardening world.

Watering:

sedum does not tolerate waterlogging, so we recommend that you make sure you need it before pouring water.

Try to water once a week or every other week during the summer and spring, depending on the heat and humidity.

 In winter, space the watering once a month. During this period, the plant stops growing. 

Make sure that the soil drains properly and don’t water the plant again until the soil has completely dried.

Substratum:

It is necessary for your succulents to grow, whether in containers or a garden, provide them with an ideal soil mix or adequate to their capacity to retain water.

In addition to irrigation, a good soil mix will be necessary for the soil to allow the water to drain and dry quickly to prevent the roots from rotting.

Succulents usually do well in a soil that sometimes is considered poor, full of inorganic elements, rather than a compound rich in organic matter.

An ideal mix is:

1 portion of garden soil,

1 portion sand, and

1 portion of peat moss;

Ideal # 2

1 portion of potting soil

1 portion of perlite.

Fertilizer:

From spring and throughout the summer, Sedum must be fertilized every 4 weeks with a liquid fertilizer to be diluted in the irrigation, reducing the doses with respect to what is indicated on the package. That is, use 50% less than recommended.

In the fall and throughout the winter, suspend the fertilizers because it is going to vegetative rest and will accumulate in the ground creating a harmful environment for the roots of the plant.

Temperature:

Most of the succulents are design to be in hot temperatures. Some of the more rustic ones live better in semi-shade in very hot climates.

So if you live in an area with a lot of sunny months, its best to put the plant in half shade.

But if where you live you have short summers you can have the plant in full sun.

Diseases:

Sedum, being a succulent plant, is not usually attacked by pests. If there is a plague that attacks it, it is the mealybug, an insect that feeds on its sap and damages its leaves.

It can be affected by various diseases related to a bad crop. The most common is root rot due to excess water or wilting of leaves due to cold drafts.

Plantation or transplant:

It should be transplanted periodically, when the roots have already taken up all the available space or if the roots have changed color. 

To do this, cut the roots in poor condition and use a mixture of compost and pearlite.

Once transplanted, wait a week to water it.

The best time to plant semdums is fall and spring. 

In general, they tend to be fast-growing.

Pruning:

Sedum mocinianum only requires dry stems to be trimmed in late winter.

Propagation:

The cultivation of sedum can be done by cuttings or by seeds.

Cuttings: the best season is between May and June. To do this, you will cut the stems about 10 cm and discard the lower leaves.

You will let the cut dry for a week so that it heals, and then you will plant the cutting in a compost formed by sand and peat.

We will keep the substrate moist and place the pot in an area with mild temperatures (around 15⁰C).

Seeds: this will be done in January and March, distributing two parts of fine sand in one of the substrates leaving 2 cm between the edge of the pot and the ground.

With a sprayer, wet the soil and cover the container with plastic wrap to prevent it from drying out.

Remove the plastic every day to check the humidity level. Locate the container in an area at 15 ⁰C/59°F. When it germinates, we will perform the transplant very carefully.

Other types of sedum:

1.Sedum reflexum:

Its leaves, unlike other sedums, are very narrow. They have a grayish-green hue and are less crass than the others due to their size.

It blooms in May and develops tiny yellow flowers.

This sedum is fast-growing and can fill the space in no time—that’s why I recommended growing each plant at a reasonable distance from the others.

Resists frost, salinity, and can develop in poor or stony soils. It is a very resistant species.

2. Acid Sedum:

Sedum of European origin is small in size, with creeping stems at the base and erect at the top.

It usually grows to 20 or 30 cm in height.

Its leaves are small, fleshy, and with an almost flattened upper face. It blooms in spring and develops small star-shaped flowers with five bright yellow petals.

3.Sedum sieboldii:

Sedum characterized by its hanging bearing and its large size. This succulent stands out for its stems’ elegance, some stems that can measure more than a meter in length.

With evergreen foliage and crass leaves that store the water and nutrients, it will grow and flourish—Bluish-gray in color, round, and with a reddish toothed edge.

It blooms in fall, and its pink, starry flowers grow in terminal corymbs.

This type of sedum is perfect for planting in hanging pots, both indoors and outdoors.